Alanine Racemase (Crude Enzyme)

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Features Specifications: Alanine Racemase (Crude Enzyme)

 

This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those racemases and epimerases acting on amino acids and derivatives. This enzyme participates in alanine and aspartatemetabolism and D-alanine metabolism. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate. At least two compounds, 3-Fluoro-D-alanine and D-Cycloserine are known to inhibit this enzyme. The D-alanine produced by alanine racemase is used for peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Peptidoglycan is found in the cell walls of all bacteria, including many which are harmful to humans. The enzyme is absent in higher eukaryotes but found everywhere in prokaryotes, making alanine racemase a great target for antimicrobial drug development. Alanine racemase can be found in some invertebrates. Bacteria can have one (alr gene) or two alanine racemase genes. Bacterial species with two genes for alanine racemase have one that is continually expressed and one that is inducible, which makes it difficult to target both genes for drug studies. However, knockout studies have shown that without the alr gene being expressed, the bacteria would need an external source of D-alanine in order to survive. Therefore, the alr gene is a feasible target for antimicrobial drugs. This product with the indicated enzyme activity was briefly purified from engineered E. coli.



Alanine Racemase (Crude Enzyme)

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